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Fake News: Fighting Fake News

Tips and resources to sharpen your critical thinking skills when it comes to facts and false information.


Should I trust Wikipedia?

Wikipedia should never be used as a main source of information, but can be an effective source for initial research because it often lists important names, dates, and concept definitions that you can then look up independently. Well written Wikipedia articles include lists sources for the information presented - articles, websites, and books. Readers can use these sources to look deeper into the subject and to verify the information found in the Wikipedia article.

Use a trusted source instead.  Encyclopedias like Gale eBooks and Encyclopedia Britannica cover many topics and are a great way to get started also.  The difference is that entries in an encyclopedia are created by renowned experts and academics from around the world and is a trusted source for factual information.

False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and/or Satirical “News” Sources

Popular fake news lists and sources:

Wardle, C. (2017, February 16). Fake news. It’s complicated. First Draft News.  Retrieved from

Web Domains

Common Internet Domain Extensions

Knowing who can purchase web domain extensions is one tool for evaluating the accuracy of websites and searching for trustworthy sources.


Short for commercial, this domain extension was originally intended for businesses, retailers, and other commercial entities. Currently, there are no restrictions on who may purchase .com domains. (USA)


Short for organization, this domain extension was originally intended for non-profits and other non-commercial entities. Currently, there are no restrictions on who may purchase .org domains. (USA)


Short for Network, this domain extension was originally intended for companies or entities involved with networking and similar internet technology. Currently, there are no restrictions on who may purchase .net domains. (USA)


Short for government, this domain extension is restricted to official government agencies and departments. (USA)


Short for education, this domain extension is restricted to educational entities such as schools, universities, and other entities accredited by an agency approved by the national Department of Education. (USA)

Country Specific Internet Domain Extensions

A full list of country domains can be found here, however there are two that are seeing increasing use:


This domain extension is technically Columbian, however it is marketed globally.


This domain extension is coded to the British Indian Ocean Territory. However, it is marketed globally and is currently popular with tech companies.

Organizations & Resources

Who opposes fake news?