Skip to main content
Golden Gate University Logo

Research Process: An Overview: Choosing a Topic

This guide outlines the steps in the research process from developing a topic to crediting sources.


  • Getting Started
  • Brainstorm Questions
  • Finding Topic Ideas Online
  • Read Background Information
  • TIP: Keywords


Related Research Guides

TIP: Keywords

Keywords are the main terms that describe your research question or topic.  Keep track of these words so you can use them when searching for books and articles.

    Identify the main concepts in your research question. Typically there should only be two or three main concepts.
  • Look for keywords that best describe these concepts.
  • You can look for keywords when reading background information or encyclopedia articles on your topic
  • Use a thesaurus, your textbook and subject headings in databases to find different keywords.

Getting Started

Topic Selection

Choosing your topic is the first step in the research process. Be aware that selecting a good topic may not be easy. It must be narrow and focused enough to be interesting, yet broad enough to find adequate information. 

#1 Research tip: Pick a topic that interests you.  You are going to live with this topic for weeks while you research, read, and write your assignment. Choose something that will hold your interest and that you might even be excited about. Your attitude towards your topic will come across in your writing or presentation!

Brainstorming is a technique you can use to help you generate ideas. Below are brainstorming exercises and resources to help you come up with research topic ideas. 

Brainstorming Topic Ideas

Ask yourself the following questions to help you generate topic ideas:
  • Do you have a strong opinion on a current social or political controversy?
  • Did you read or see a news story recently that has interested you?
  • Do you have a personal issue, problem or interest that you would like to know more about?
  • Is there an aspect of one of your classes that you would like to learn more about?

Finding Topic Ideas

Topic Ideas

Try the resources below to help you get ideas for possible research topics:

  • CQ Researcher - this database provides news and analysis of American government, politics, history, public policy, current affairs, and controversial topics. Each report contains a synopsis and discussion of the issue, a pro/con section and bibliography. This is another great resource for topic ideas and background information.
  • Google News - this site provides national and international news on a variety of subjects gathered from over 4,000 sources.
  • Taking Sides- this link will take you to our catalog and a list of titles from the Taking Sides book series. Each title offers pro and con essays and related resources.
  • Use the Library's Articles and News databases to browse contents of current magazines and newspapers. If you do not know how to browse current issues ask a librarian for help.
  • Opposing Viewpoints - this series presents all sides of current issues such as illegal immigration, health care and the death penalty.  This is a good source for finding and getting background information as well as getting ideas for a topic. San Francisco Public Library has the Opposing Viewpoints database in their eLibrary resources. If you don't have an SFPL library card for remote access, see:
  • Congressional Digest- similar to Opposing Viewpoints, this journal takes a pro & con approach to controversies before the U.S. Congress. Go to Journal Finder to find the source of the full-text.


Read Background Information

Background Information

Read an encyclopedia article on the top two or three topics you are considering. Reading a broad summary enables you to get an overview of the topic and see how your idea relates to broader, narrower, and related issues. If you cant find an article on your topic, ask a librarian for help.

  • The Gale Virtual Reference Library contains several business focused encyclopedias such as The Encyclopedia of Management and The Encyclopedia of Emerging Industries which may provide background information on possible topics.
  • Britannica Academic is a great alternative to Wikipedia.
  • Use the Library's Articles and News databases to search for brief articles on your topic ideas.
  • The Library's reference collection contains many general and specialized encyclopedias.  Check the Library's catalog to see what items are available for you to use in the Library.